# bidirected造句

- The latter are bidirected graphs, not directed graphs ( except in the trivial case of all positive signs ).
- Thus, the presence of latent variables is taken into account through the correlations they induce between the error terms, as represented by bidirected arcs.
- For the correspondence between bidirected graphs and skew-symmetric graphs ( i . e ., their double covering graphs ) see, Section 5, or.
- The " directed " edges are the same as ordinary directed edges in a directed graph; thus, a directed graph is a special kind of bidirected graph.
- However, if the graph author suspects that the error terms of any two variables are dependent ( e . g . the two variables have an unobserved or latent common cause ) then a bidirected arc is drawn between them.
- Skew-symmetric graphs were first introduced under the name of " antisymmetrical digraphs " by, later as the double covering graphs of polar graphs by, and still later as the double covering graphs of bidirected graphs by.
- A closely related concept is the bidirected graph of ( " polarized graph " in the terminology of, ), a graph in which each of the two ends of each edge may be either a head or a tail, independently of the other end.
- This confounding is depicted in the Figures 1-3 on the right through the bidirected arc between Tutoring Program and GPA . If students are assigned to dormitories at random, the proximity of the student's dorm to the tutoring program is a natural candidate for being an instrumental variable.
- A bidirected graph may be interpreted as a polar graph by letting the partition of edges at each vertex be determined by the partition of endpoints at that vertex into heads and tails; however, swapping the roles of heads and tails at a single vertex ( " switching " the vertex, in the terminology of ) produces a different bidirected graph but the same polar graph.
- A bidirected graph may be interpreted as a polar graph by letting the partition of edges at each vertex be determined by the partition of endpoints at that vertex into heads and tails; however, swapping the roles of heads and tails at a single vertex ( " switching " the vertex, in the terminology of ) produces a different bidirected graph but the same polar graph.
- It's difficult to see bidirected in a sentence. 用bidirected造句挺難的